The Brain! It seems like an interesting area to be covered. Right? Let us have a brief talk about the brain in general. There are certain facts about the brain which many people are unaware of. The brain is one of the most important organs of the human body that covers almost 2% of the bodyweight. It is the headquarter for all other organs that control and coordinate all the necessary actions and reflexes. The brain allows us to think, feel and create memories and related feelings. The brain seems like a small organ with only three pounds, but it is a highly complex organ with multiple parts. The brain is an intricate yet amazing organ with around 78% water that plays an important role in developing an individual’s cognitive skills.
The major parts of the Brain are mainly Cerebrum, Cerebellum, and Brain Stem. But the brain is a complex organ with multiple functions.
- The cranium is the bony covering of the brain. The brain is then covered with three-layered tissue called meninges.
- The Cerebrum is the largest part of the brain responsible for movement, judgment, reasoning, body temperature, touch, vision, hearing, emotions, learning, and problem-solving. The right hemisphere of the Cerebrum is responsible for creative and artistic abilities, whereas the left hemisphere is responsible for logic and rational thinking. The hemispheres are further divided into four lobes:
- The Frontal Lobe: Responsible for personality, motor development, and speech.
- The Temporal Lobe: responsible for memory, speech function, and language.
- The Parietal Lobe: Responsible for sensation.
- The Occipital Lobe: Responsible for vision.
- The Brainstem is responsible for breathing, consciousness, swallowing, eye and mouth movement, cardiac function, hunger, etc.
- The Cerebellum is responsible for voluntary muscle movement, maintaining body balance, posture, and equilibrium.
- The Ventricular system is a fluid-filled cavity. It is responsible for providing nourishment to the brain.
- Cranial nerves are pairs of 12 important nerves responsible for specific body functions.
- Olfactory: Sense of smell.
- Facial: Facial expression and taste.
- Optic: Vision.
- Trochlear: Eye movement.
- Vestibulocochlear: Body balance and hearing.
- Glossopharyngeal: Swallowing and taste.
- Vagus: Swallowing and taste.
- Trigeminal: Chewing.
- Abducens: Eye movement.
- Accessory: Neck and shoulder muscle.
- Hypoglossal: Movement of the tongue.
- Oculomotor: Eyelid opening, eye movement.
Have A Look At Some Of The Interesting Facts About Brain
- There are more than a hundred neurons present in the brain.
- As an individual grows older, the capability to remember things degrade. This is because the brain filters out memories and incidents to make new room for ideas. This is why individuals could take physiological/physical abilities programs for a healthy brain.
- The brain receives 20% of the oxygen produced in the human body.
- With almost 60% of the fat, it is the fattest organ of the human body.
- The brain is not fully developed until the age of 25.
- The information stored in the brain may reach up to 268 miles per hour.
With so many intricacies and facts involved with the existence of the brain, sometimes it malfunctions and works haphazardly. For students, who are looking for better cognitive development, can go for SOI (Structure of Intellect) Systems programs. With the availability of IPP programs and memory training for severe brain damage and trauma victims, the brain can be structured.